Cooking with small appliances, ranges and ovens
When cooking, try to use your smallest cooking appliances. You can cook with your toaster, electric skillet and other small appliances which are using less electricity. Also you can cook in your microwave which shorten cooking time and save electricity too. When cooking on your stove or use your oven, begin with higher heat and when your food start to boil, reduce the heat. The lowest heat level on your oven can keep your food boiling. Boiling on high heat will not only use more electricity, but you will need to add water more often and the cooking time will be the same. Simmer the food on the low heat until fully cooked. Every time when you peek in the oven, the temperature drops for 25°F. Do not do this and you will bake faster with smaller electricity consumption. There is retained heat in your food and oven. Turn off your stove or oven 5 to 10 minutes before your food is done. Retained heat should finish the cooking using less electricity. If you have a choice tries to use natural gas stoves. The natural gas heating energy cost less than electricity used for the same job. Every time when you need to boil food use a lid. Lid will trap the heat, raise the pressure and help to use less heat. Using new appliances can save you more electricity than old ones. Old ovens doors very often cannot seal tight. Even a bill size gap will help heat to escape and waste energy.
Dish washing and dishwashers
When you use dishwashers in your kitchen, try to run full loads. Full loads will use the same amount of electricity and water as smaller loads. Even if you need to wash a few glasses and dishes you will spend the same amount of water and electricity. It is cheaper to buy additional set of glasses and dishes (so you can have what to use when there are dirty glasses and dishes in the dishwasher), than use your dishwasher twice often. When you rinse your dishes before loading them in the dishwasher, use cold water. If your dishwasher use filter, clean or replace as recommended in your user manual.
Refrigerators and freezers
If you need to buy refrigerator or freezer, purchase a model with highest Energy Star Label marking. Energy Star refrigerators can save you a lot of money over the life of this appliance. Older appliances can use up to three times more electricity than the new one. The right size of your refrigerator can save you electricity and money too. If you have larger than you need – you just waste energy for cooling the air in your refrigerator. Try to use only one in your household. I know it is nice to have one in your kitchen and another for a beer in your garage, but this will cost you 150 to 200 pounds per year. Set the temperature between 35°F and 40°F and freezer control between -5°F and +5°F. This will also save some electricity. Always keep your appliances clean. Do not allow frost to build up. This makes your refrigerator to spend more electricity than in usual condition. Place your refrigerator far from the stove, oven or other heat sources. Make shore it is not on the direct sunlight too. Check the seals at least four times in the year. Damaged seals will cause your refrigerator to use more electricity.
Energy Performance Certificate
Check your home energy performance certificate. EPC certificate will not only show how much energy your home needs annually, but also will advice you what kind of action you can take in order to save energy. If you let/rent your apartment or house and you cannot find the property energy performance certificate, you can ask the letting agent about the landlord EPC. He needs to show the property EPC so you can know how much energy you will need if you live there. In U.K. it is against the law to rent or sell properties without Energy Performance Certificates.