In a shocking finding, the percentage of unemployed women in the UK has surpassed men in the last 25 years.
We Indians are not far behind. Qualified graduate girls think that they will surely get a good and high paying job within an year or two after completing their course but this does not happen always. Many graduate girls remain unemployed and so unmarried also years after completing their course and the parents of those girls think that they made a wrong decision of educating their daughter.
This is a serious condition indeed. Millions of other women in India are perhaps in the same situation without any solution in sight. It is said that India will become the youngest nation in the world by 2020, that is, the average age of an Indian will be just 29 years old, but the question is – is India ready to absorb its youth? Is India ready to employ its youth?
The question is–is India ready to employ its unemployed women population?
Commenting upon the disparity in employment between Indian men and women, the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) report of 2009 state:
“Gender parity in primary and secondary education is likely to be achieved though not in tertiary education. However, share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector can at best be expected to reach a level of about 24 percent by 2015, far short of a parity situation.”
Therefore, what are those reasons exactly which makes the rate of unemployment higher than men? We elaborate on some reasons.
Lack of Skill-Based Education
When it comes to women, a large part of the focus is to get a girl graduate and marry her off. With this perception writ large, there is hardly any effort to offer skill-based education that will help her to get a job in future.
True, there are polytechnic centers and cottage industries which impart skills, but a significant percentage of women still go for ‘traditionalist’ education that calls for Bachelors’ and Masters’ degree or any professional degree, which more often than not lowers any chances of future employment.
Take the case of Singur Tata-Nano controversy. Places where corruption and lawlessness prevail, there is very little hope of industrial growth. If the Tata-Nano factory had not been routed, it would have given employment to so many men and women.
In the face of corruption and lawlessness, any kind of industries are wary to establish their factories and warehouses. Typically, these are those areas with high level of unemployment ratio.
Employment is cyclical. If you are employed, you have spending power. The money you spend is used to feed industries but if you do not have spending power, the industries’ begin to die as well.
In India, regressive taxes are a bane. We are asked to pay taxes on items like edible oil, sugar, movie tickets, liquor and other goods. All these taxes deplete the income of the employed class. As a result of less spending, the industries’ have less sales. A continued period of lesser sales means companies have to review their expenses and the first target is manpower. Sooner or later, they will downsize and the first ones to receive the pink slip are usually the women.
No Wealth Tax Policies
A reason why wealth hording is comparatively less in western countries is due to wealth tax. On the other hand, there is poorly formulated wealth tax laws which are 99% of the time not implemented and as a result, there is land hoarding on a huge scale.
This hoarding of land and buildings reduces chance for companies to set up their business, especially in crowded cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. Obviously, when there are no new industries, there will be unemployment and women have to suffer.
This is perhaps the biggest reason why employable women in India are not getting any appropriate Jobs In India or even if they are, they are much underpaid.
According to a report by Wage Indicator, there is a 57% wage disparity in organized sector and 30% wage disparity in casual work sector. In other words, employed men are paid 57% and 30% more than their female counterparts irrespective of the fact that both possess same skills, knowledge and experience.
Coupled with this is the career break a woman usually takes after childbirth. While rules mandate that companies should give a three-month paid leave or adjust working conditions around the woman is the need arises, a woman usually finds herself jobless and miserable because the company cannot accommodate her changing circumstance.
There is a status quo which pegs a man at a higher level than a woman, as in other aspects of life, even when the assumed status quo is completely baseless and irrelevant.
This guest post is contribute by Diksha, social media examiner and part time guest blogger. Currently working with TaazaJobs. She enjoys researching and writing on a wide variety of topics especially on education and career related needs of students and freshers.